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How to file ITR on Crypto Gains in India


A Comprehensive Guide on Filing ITR on Crypto Gains in India | Tricity News Hub

The landscape of financial investments has significantly evolved over the past few years with the introduction of cryptocurrencies. As an investor in India, it is crucial to understand the implications of taxation on these digital assets. This article provides a step-by-step guide on how to file your Income Tax Return/ ITR on crypto gains.

Understanding Cryptocurrency Taxation in India:

In India, cryptocurrencies are considered virtual digital assets and are subject to taxation. As per Section 115BBH of the Income Tax Act, gains from cryptocurrency trading are taxed at a rate of 30%, accompanied by a 4% cess. Moreover, a 1% Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is levied on crypto asset transfers exceeding Rs 50,000 (or Rs 10,000 in some instances) within a financial year, according to Section 194S. This taxation applies to all private or commercial investors who transfer digital assets throughout the fiscal year.

Key Taxation Details Required:

To accurately calculate the taxation for cryptocurrencies, it’s crucial to have specific details at hand:

  • Date of Acquisition: This detail helps in determining the holding period and potential tax implications, categorizing gains as short-term or long-term capital gains.
  • Date of Sale or Disposal: This is required for defining the timing of the taxable event and establishing the appropriate tax rates.
  • Transaction Proceeds: This refers to the amount received in exchange for the cryptocurrency during the sale or disposal. It is used to calculate the gross income from the transaction.
  • Gains or Losses: Calculating the difference between the sale proceeds and the cost basis of the cryptocurrency helps determine the taxable income or capital gains tax due.

Filing ITR on Crypto Gains:

In the Union Budget 2022, a 30% tax on crypto profits was introduced, along with a 1% TDS on sales. This year, the new Income Tax Return (ITR) forms for FY 2022-23 now include a section called Schedule – Virtual Digital Assets (VDA) for reporting gains from crypto and other VDAs.

Choosing the Correct ITR Form:

While filing your ITR on Crypto Gains, it’s important to choose the right form:

  • ITR-2: Ideal for individuals who have capital gains from investing in VDAs and do not have any business income.
  • ITR-3: Suitable for individuals with business/professional income (either from VDAs or any other business).

Please note, ITR-1 or ITR-4 cannot be used to report income from transferring cryptocurrencies and VDAs.

Accurate Reporting:

When filing your ITR on Crypto Gains, ensure you report all cryptocurrency earnings accurately, including trading profits, mining income, staking rewards, wallet transfers, gifts, and airdrops. Maintain comprehensive transaction records and consider seeking professional assistance if necessary. Remember, any transaction exceeding Rs 50,000 in a given financial year will have a TDS deduction, reflected in 26 AS, which can be claimed back when filing your income tax return.


As the cryptocurrency market continues to evolve, it’s paramount for investors to stay updated with the latest tax guidelines. Complying with tax regulations and accurately filing ITR on crypto gains is essential for legal and financial stability. While the taxation ecosystem surrounding cryptocurrency might seem complex initially, with the right knowledge and resources, you can effectively navigate through it. Happy investing!

ITR on Crypto Gains in India

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions

1) Q- What is the income tax on cryptocurrency in India?

A- In India, income from cryptocurrency trading is taxed at a flat rate of 30% under Section 115BBH of the Income Tax Act. This applies to both short-term and long-term gains.

2) Q- How 30% tax on cryptocurrency in India is Calculated?

A- The 30% tax on cryptocurrency in India applies to the net gains from trading. This is calculated as the difference between the sale proceeds and the acquisition cost of the cryptocurrency.

3) Q- Is there a crypto tax calculator India available?

A- Yes, there are several online platforms offering crypto tax calculators in India. These tools help to compute your taxable gains from cryptocurrency transactions based on the applicable tax norms.

4) Q- Income from cryptocurrency taxable under which head?

A- Income from cryptocurrency trading is typically taxed under the head “Income from Other Sources” or “Profits and Gains from Business or Profession”, depending on the frequency and volume of transactions.

5) Q- How is P2P crypto tax India is Traded?

A- Peer-to-Peer (P2P) crypto trading is also subject to the 30% tax in India. Any gains from these transactions are considered as income and taxed accordingly.

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